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Here the basic installation of Sawfish from GIT in a Debian GNU/Linux Squeeze/Wheezy hybrid from an initial Debian GNU/Linux 6.0.1a installation without a desktop is described.
Caution: This is a raw installation into /usr/local without package manager, and it is not recommended, if your distribution provides reasonably up-do-date packages or if you're inexperienced. If you proceed, first uninstall the packages coming from your distribution, if you don't do so, you'll very likely run into trouble.
Getting the Source (GIT) Edit
Open a terminal-emulator and create a directory for the Sawfish GIT trees:
:~$ cd $HOME :~$ mkdir build
Go into the build directory and Download the GIT trees for the build:
:~$ cd build :~/build$ git clone git://git.tuxfamily.org/gitroot/librep/main.git librep :~/build$ git clone git://git.tuxfamily.org/gitroot/librep/gtk.git rep-gtk :~/build$ git clone git://git.tuxfamily.org/gitroot/sawfish/main.git sawfish :~/build$ git clone git://git.tuxfamily.org/gitroot/sawfishpager/pager.git sawfish-pager
Dependencies (Debian) Edit
Install the tools that you will need to compile the source code. First become root (the system administrator, also: super user). (From now on, distinguish by the prompt-sign if it's necessary to be root) Depending on your setup you might want to use `sudo' instead of `su':
~/build$ su root@build# aptitude install gettext autoconf libltdl-dev automake \ libtool autotools-dev gcc libreadline-dev readline-common
This is the point where it is necessary to hybridize the system. The debian way of doing this is through apt-pinning. Open /etc/apt/sources.list with your favorite editor and add the Wheezy branch of your choosen mirror.
# debian testing repository deb http://debian.uchicago.edu/debian/ wheezy main contrib non-free deb-src http://debian.uchicago.edu/debian/ wheezy main contrib non-free
Now use your editor to create or open the file /etc/apt/preferences and add the following code:
Package: * Pin: release a=squeeze Pin-Priority: 900 Package: * Pin: release a=wheezy Pin-Priority: 10
There are dependencies for Sawfish GIT that must be installed prior to building the Sawfish window manager.
- gtk+ >= 2.24
- pango (optional, but recommended for UTF-8 support)
- gdk-pixbuf-xlib OR imlib1 (imlib2 is currently not supported)
root@build# aptitude update root@build# aptitude install libffi-dev libgdbm-dev \ libgmp-dev libgtk2.0-dev libpango1.0-0 libgnutls
Become an ordinary user again, by using `exit':
Now we're ready to start building Sawfish. Go into the librep directory, configure, and make:
:~/build cd librep :~/build/librep$ ./configure :~/build/librep$ make
If it now fails with an error-message coming from libtool, it's not a bug within Sawfish. Specific versions of libtool 2.6 are known to fail (perhaps http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/bug-libtool/2011-12/msg00005.html), if that's the case issue autogen instead of configure and proceed with make. If then the issue still appears, you need to check your distributors repo for a different version of libtool 2.6 (older or newer) and start again:
:~/build$ ./autogen.sh :~/build$ make
Install as root.
:~/build$ su root@build/librep# make install root@build/librep# exit
Since this will put your installation into /usr/local/ you might have to put it into your path.
:~/build$ echo $PATH
if the list provided does not contain /usr/local/bin/ add it using the following command:
:~/build$ export PATH="$PATH:/usr/local/bin"
Go back to top-level build directory:
:~/build/librep$ cd ../
The rest of the installation is very similar to the above, thus only commands are listed from this point onward.
Remember: if you had a buggy libtool version, use ./autogen.sh instead of configure.in
:~/build$ cd rep-gtk :~/build/rep-gtk$ ./configure
What to do if librep can't be found? Some distributions don't have the installation directory in the PKG_CONFIG_PATH, therefore librep can't be found. Normally installations in /usr and /usrlocal are fine. If you happen to install somewhere else (say: /opt/), you'll need to do this:
:~/build/rep-gtk$ export PKG_CONFIG_PATH="$PGK_CONFIG_PATH:/opt/lib/pkgconfig/"
Now continue the build.
If make fails, giving an error about missing librep library, then that's because your distributor hasn't setup your installation directory properly for building software, fix this by doing:
root@build/rep-gtk# libtool --finish /usr/local/lib/rep root@build/rep-gtk# ldconfig
as root and start make again.
:~/build/rep-gtk$ make root@build/rep-gtk# make install
If you need to run libtool for librep, then repeat that step.
:~/build/rep-gtk$ cd ../
:~/build$ cd sawfish :~/build/sawfish$ ./configure :~/build/sawfish$ make root@build/sawfish# make install :~/build/sawfish$ cd ../
:~/build$ cd sawfish-pager :~/build/sawfish-pager$ ./configure :~/build/sawfish-pager$ make root@build/sawfish-pager# make install :~/build/sawfish-pager$ cd ../
Install a desktop if you would like one.
Installing to a Custom Path Edit
When building from GIT you may want to install to a custom location here are the steps to take.
For the purpose of this section /opt/sawfish will be used as an example.
First set the pkg-config path environment variable.
The bin directory will need to be in the path so the 'rep' command can be found.
For building librep, rep-gtk, sawfish use the prefix argument (this applies to running configure too).
note: the PATH will need to include the custom bin directory when running sawfish after building.
Apt-Pinning (Debian) Edit
Set your apt-pinning so that you do not slowly bleed from a stable sqeeze base to testing (Wheezy). New applications that are installed will come from the wheezy repository. Open the file /etc/apt/preferences and add the following code:
Package: * Pin: release a=squeeze Pin-Priority: 900 Package: * Pin: release a=wheezy Pin-Priority: -100
Alternately you can hold your distribution in stable by disabling Wheezy in /etc/apt/sources.list with your favorite editor. Only re-enable the Wheezy repository if aptitude tells you that the package you are trying to install is going to break things.
# debian testing repository # deb http://debian.uchicago.edu/debian/ wheezy main contrib non-free # deb-src http://debian.uchicago.edu/debian/ wheezy main contrib non-free
Now explore the Wiki and adjust your newly built Sawfish window manager the way you would like it to be!